19-11-2018 | Met een resolutie die deze week is aangenomen, verklaart het Europees Parlement dat de Europese Commissie het ontwikkelingsgeld niet mag besteden aan het ondersteunen van commercieel privaatonderwijs.
Deze stellingname is een goede steun in de rug bij de strijd tegen de oprukkende commercialisering van onderwijs. Onderzoeken wijzen uit dat commercieel privaatonderwijs doorgaans een negatief effect heeft op de toegang en kwaliteit van het onderwijs in lage en middeninkomenlanden.
Tijdens de World Assembly van GCE-leden in Nepal stelden lidorganisaties een persverklaring op, die wegens tijdgebrek niet door alle leden kon worden ondertekend. De GCE-leden hopen dat de verklaring van het Europees Parlement ook een rol zal spelen bij de afwegingen die het Global Partnership for Education deze dagen maakt bij het opstellen van een beleidsnotitie over de rol van de private sector bij onderwijs in het Zuiden. De Europese Commissie is momenteel de grootste donor van het GPE.
European Parliament bans EU development aid funding to commercial private schools
(Brussels, Berlin, Copenhagen, Madrid, Paris, Rome, 16 November 2018) In a breakthrough Resolution adopted this week, the European Parliament declared that the European Commission must not use development aid money to fund commercial private schools.
The newly-adopted Resolution, which was adopted by over 90% of the votes, considers that it is a requirement under human rights law and a necessity for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals that the European Union refrain from funding commercial private schools.
“This confirms our analysis that taxpayers’ money should not be used to fund private school chains orfor-profit actors in education. Given the detrimental impact of such schools on transparency, democracy and quality, such funding is a violation of States’ human rights obligations and global commitments to free quality education,” said Kira Boe from the Danish Oxfam-IBIS.
This Resolution sets a crucial precedent amidst major concerns that the fast-pace growth of private actors in education in developing countries could be undermining decades of progress in building non-discriminatory free public education systems. One major donor country, the UK, has begun in recent years to fund commercial actors as part of a contested program, while the US is considering doing the same. This led to detrimental effects on quality and access to education that this Resolution hopes to reverse.
Carole Coupez, of the French Education Coalition, said: “The evidence is clear: it’s only by funding quality public education systems that we can overcome poverty and guarantee social justice in developing countries. The European Parliament positions the EU as the leader it should be to guarantee public services for all.”
While the Resolution does not prevent the European Commission from funding small-scale non- profit private schools, such as faith-based, NGO or community schools, it calls on prohibiting fundingto “commercial establishments”. Such establishments have been regularly referred to by UN resolutions, and defined in a 2016 civil society paper signed by over 400 organisations as establishments whose one of the primary goals, although not necessarily the only goal, is “to trade education services and to protect their own interests rather than serving the public interest”.
“The resolution makes clear that for-profit private providers such as the highly controversial school chain multinational Bridge International Academies, which operates over 500 schools targeting poor families in four African countries and in India, Omega Schools, which operates in Ghana and Liberia, or APEC schools in The Philippines, which are commercial establishments, do not align with EU’sprinciples and values. It is in the DNA of the EU and European countries to guarantee education as a right and public service,” said Sylvain Aubry, from the Global Initiative for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
The Resolution comes at a time when controversies about public support to commercial education providers are raging. In March 2018, over 80 organisations demanded that the European Investment Bank withdraw its investment in the for-profit private school chain, Bridge International Academies. In the meantime, the Global Partnership for Education (GPE), a multilateral body which funds education in over 65 countries, is in the process of finalising its policy position on its engagement with private actors.
“We now expect that the European Commission, which is currently the largest funder to GPE, will act in accordance with this Resolution and ensure that GPE set a clear policy that none of its funding is used to support commercial private schools. The European Commission must also take steps to ensure that the European Investment Bank equally acts in conformity with EU values and policies, and immediately withdraws its funding from commercial educational establishments”, concluded Conny Reuter, from SOLIDAR.
The EU joins a growing group of donors that have expressed concerns about the growing commercialisation of education and committed to address it. The UN Human Rights Council has published four resolutions requesting to “address any negative impact of the commercialization ofeducation”, and France committed in March 2017 to “act against any attempt at commercialisationof education”. This new Resolution from one of the largest actors in education development aid could set the trend for all the other donors that appear unwilling to follow the UK and US’s approach.
The below mentioned organizations support paragraph 12 of the Resolution on EU development assistance in the field of education where the European Parliament points out that “it is important to guarantee pluralism and freedom of choice for parents; insists, nevertheless, that the European Union and the Member States, in accordance with SDG 4.1 and Article 26 of the UDHR, must not use ODA to support private, commercial educational establishments which do not upholdthe Union’s principles and values”.
- ActionAid International
- Campaña Mundial por la Educación (Spain)
- Campagna Globale per l’Educazione (Italy)
- Coalition Education (France)
- Den danske uddannelseskoalition under Globalt Fokus (Denmark)
- European Students’ Union (ESU)
- Global Initiative for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
- Globale Bildungskampagne (Germany)
- Organising Bureau of European School Student Unions (OBESSU)
- Right to Education Initiative